From Social Activism to Biblical Advocacy

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Here’s a Christian response to the Millennium Development Goals.

In 2000, global leaders met for a United Nations summit and
agreed to “spare no effort” to rid the world of the scourge of extreme poverty,
which has kept more than 1 billion people in degrading and inhuman

Ten years later, 190 world leaders returned to the U.N.
building in New York to assess our progress on those promises to the world’s
poor, and it was hard to escape a sense of significance, but outright
expectations were muted by the “outcomes” document that had already been agreed
upon by governments before they even met.

By common agreement it was little more than diplomatic
speech for, “We’re doing OK, but we still have a long way to go.”

But the real weakness of the outcomes document was its
total lack of strategy for delivery or implementation. None of the numerous
roundtables, plenary sessions and side events that drew in public participation
left a sense of real engagement beyond the agreements already made.

should care about the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) committed to in 2000 not because they are a
perfect set of responses to the poor, but because they give us an agreed upon
set of targets with measurements. They also give us a universal language by
which all nations can respond and evaluate one another’s performance on behalf
of the world’s poor.

When I was in a remote village in Zambia a few years ago,
nurses told me that they used the MDGs as a measurement of their own
performance. When I was with the then Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd,
a few days later, he was using the same language. The world has never had that
gift before. It is as if we are undoing the tower of Babel to speak the same
language with regard to the poor.

But I also believe passionately that the unprecedented
global outcry against injustice and defending the cause of the poor is also a
movement that is taking place in the slipstream of what the Holy Spirit is
doing in liberating captives. This was the heart of Isaiah’s prophecy about
Jesus (see Is. 61:1-4) and Jesus’ manifesto in which He identified Himself so
thoroughly with liberation (see Luke 4:18).

When Micah Challenge
first began thinking about a Christian response to the MDGs
in 2001, there were many voices who predicted that no one would be talking
about the MDGs by 2005. But that has been as far from the truth as the east is
from the west! Today, celebrities, politicians, philanthropists and ordinary
citizens are becoming a part of a global movement behind these promises. It is
right that this should be the case.

Even more, so many charities such as World Vision and the
ONE campaign, which did not set out to focus on the MDGs, have made them a
cornerstone of their work in the past couple of years. Political attention on
the MDGs is becoming a crowded space, and we think this is good news for the

Now, one of our main tasks is getting more Christians
involved and to strip away the feeling that the MDGs are for political nerds
who understand complicated politics. We will do that as soon we get more
Christians to understand that everyone has a voice, and in many countries everyone
has a vote.

Another task is also to get them to understand that the
justice and mercy of God is as concerned about our relationship with Him in
holiness as it is concerned about justice in our global institutions. We are
still short of Christian translators who are able to take complicated ideas
away from the specialists and put them in the hearts and imaginations of our
people—without making them naïve.

And there is also a massive eschatological challenge for
many of us who are suspicious about anything that is in any way connected to
the United Nations or global government. Many Pentecostals and charismatics have an inherent suspicion of these institutions, which we dub to be “Babylonian.” Well, there’s nothing wrong in having theological nervousness about these institutions.

We’re entitled to see
the Bible in that way. But we are not entitled to stand back from our
commitment to tackle injustice anymore than Daniel was entitled to refuse food
to the hungry when he worked as Prime Minister in Babylon. A biblical theology doesn’t use eschatology as an escape clause to
do nothing about injustice; it finds ways to help Daniel do a good job in the
very heart of Babylon.

Generally speaking Christians can help to reach the goals
in one of two ways. Firstly, we must continue doing what we are doing.
Worldwide we are still the biggest single provider of public services outside
of government on the planet—and we have been doing this for 2,000 years. We
must keep it going because it makes a difference to millions of people on a
daily basis.

But secondly we have to make an important shift from being
social activists to biblical advocates. This is the difference between Moses
being so passionate about justice that he kills an Egyptian and Moses walking
into Pharaoh’s house 40 years later to say, “Let my people go!”

And this is very demanding because it needs us to think of
our relationship with God, people and institutions in a very different way. And
to our amazement we discover that the God who tells us to take our shoes off at
the burning bush is the same God who is sending us into Pharoah’s house to talk
about political liberation.

Christians who form a social and community membrane across
the world should realize that this gives us enormous power—not for ourselves
but for the poor. And if history has taught us anything it is that when people
rise up with angry hope on behalf of the oppressed things really can change.
And if 20 percent of the Christian world turned its attention to these promises
to the poor over the next five years they would be delivered.

Despite having a long way to go, the African nation of
Malawi is a great example of one nation that is beginning to see the impact of
the fact that people do care about the MDGs. It has made great progress on the
MDG targets, and more than 30,000 Christians will be praying there for those in
poverty on 10.10.10, ten years since the Millennium Development Goals were
first put into place.

This hasn’t all happened because of political benevolence.
It’s due to good government, transparency at work and the outcome of civil
society action.

If, after reading this article, you want to join the
Christians in Malawi and up to 80 million other Christians globally in the
Micah Challenge 10.10.10 campaign by praying for the poor in churches, and
taking political action on Oct. 10, you can find out how it is done at


The Rev. Joel Edwards is the
International Director of Micah Challenge International. He travels the globe
inspiring the church to get involved in advocacy with and for the poor as part
of their core mission. As part of Micah Challenge’s campaign, ‘Jesus House for all Nations’
in London will host hundreds of Christians on 10.10.10, when up to 100 million
Christians globally will join the challenge of praying for the poor, and
promising to take action to halve poverty by 2015.

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