‘Koinonia’—A Missing Ingredient in Today’s Church

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J. Lee Grady

A small congregation in Puerto Rico
reminded me that we can’t build the New Testament church without supernatural

Last week I preached for several days at Casa del Padre, a small but growing church near San Juan, Puerto Rico. The congregation meets in a rented
facility with tile floors and folding chairs. They don’t have a worship leader
yet, so a CD player provides accompaniment for the singing. The pastor, a
gentle guy named Luis, keeps a second job to pay his family’s bills. Up until a
few weeks ago, the church’s office was in his garage.

Casa del Padre is not a
fancy place. But the church’s lack of sophistication is overshadowed by an
amazing level of love. When I ministered on Sunday morning, the meeting began
at 10:30 a.m. yet I didn’t leave the building until 5 p.m.—not because I preached
too long but because nobody wanted to go home.

We must return to koinonia—but you can’t download it.
There’s no app for it, and you can’t fake it. We will have to scrap artificial,
event-driven programs if we want to return to the relational Christianity of
the Book of Acts

You might be tempted to say:
“That’s just the way Puerto Ricans are. They’re very relational.” It’s
certainly true that Puerto Ricans love to party. And their food—especially the
rice, beans, pork and mofongo (mashed
plantains)—keep people coming back for more. But the authentic fellowship I
experienced in San Juan can’t be trivialized as an expression of Latino
culture. No, this Puerto Rican church understands a biblical secret many of us
have forgotten.

The Book of Acts tells us
that after the first disciples were baptized in the Holy Spirit, they were
“continually devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship,
to the breaking of bread and to prayer” (Acts 2:42, emphasis added).  The Greek word used for “fellowship,” koinonia, appears here for the first
time in the Bible and then is used 18 times throughout the New Testament.

Koinonia, which can be translated
“partnership,” is a supernatural grace that causes Christians to love each
other deeply. It was not possible before Pentecost because it is a
manifestation of the indwelling Holy Spirit. Just as dunamis power
enables us to heal the sick or work miracles, koinonia knits our hearts
and binds us together.

Christianity is the only
religion on earth that invisibly connects its followers with supernatural
affection. It makes us feel
like a family—and our love for each other, if it is truly from the Spirit,
transcends all boundaries of race, gender, age and class. It motivates us to
pray for one another, bear one another’s burdens and lay our lives down for one

After the outpouring of the
Spirit in Acts 2, koinonia caused the early disciples to share their
possessions unselfishly (v. 44-45) and to share meals often (v. 46). Many
people decided to become Christians when they saw this loving community (v.

Koinonia was an essential ingredient in the New Testament church. It is what
connected Paul, Timothy, Luke, Titus, Priscilla and Aquilla as a team. It is
what held the early churches together in the face of persecution and caused
them to lay down their lives for one another.

In many parts of the
church we’ve forgotten about the essential need for fellowship and tried to
build the church without it. We developed a sterile church model that is
event-driven and celebrity-focused rather than genuinely relational.

We build theater-style
buildings where crowds listen to one guy talk. The crowds are quickly whisked
out of the sanctuary to make room for the next group. Many of these people
never process with anyone else what they learned, never join a small group and
never receive any form of one-on-one discipleship.

We need the apostles’
teaching of Acts 2:42, of course, but without the koinonia mentioned in
the same verse, teaching can be come dry and clinical. The church is supposed
to be more like a family room than a classroom.

Because we lack
relationships today, we have tried to fill the void with technology. We think
if we can create a wow factor with cool video clips, 3-D sermons and edgy
worship bands, the crowds will scream for more. I don’t think so. Trendy can
quickly become shallow.

Pastors and Christian
leaders often tell me that they don’t have any friends. Close relationships are
scarce. This is often because leaders felt betrayed in a previous relationship.
Meanwhile, Many Christians have given up on church altogether—not because of
doctrinal issues but because they were wounded by someone at church.

I am not an advocate of
getting rid of church (like the spiritual arsonists who think all church
buildings are outdated and irrelevant). The church is still God’s Plan A, and
it will always be. Acts 2:42 contains the blueprint.

We must return to koinonia—but you can’t download it.
There’s no app for it, and you can’t fake it. (If you want a concrete example
to copy, I can give you the address of a church in San Juan.)  We will have to scrap
artificial, event-driven programs if we want to return to the relational
Christianity of the Book of Acts.

J. Lee Grady is contributing editor of Charisma. He is preaching in San Juan,
Puerto Rico, this week. You can follow him on Twitter at leegrady. His newest book is 10 Lies Men Believe (Charisma House)

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J. Lee Grady is an author, award-winning journalist and ordained minister. He served as a news writer and magazine editor for many years before launching into full-time ministry.

Lee is the author of six books, including 10 Lies the Church Tells Women, 10 Lies Men Believe and Fearless Daughters of the Bible. His years at Charisma magazine also gave him a unique perspective of the Spirit-filled church and led him to write The Holy Spirit Is Not for Sale and Set My Heart on Fire, which is a Bible study on the work of the Holy Spirit.

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