Alleged Muhammad Insult Lands Algerian Christian in Prison

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Convicting a
Christian convert for insulting the prophet of Islam, a judge in Algeria
last week stunned the Christian community by sentencing him beyond what
a prosecutor recommended.

In Oran, 470 kilometers (about 290 miles) west of Algiers, a criminal court in the city’s Djamel
district on May 25 sentenced Siaghi Krimo to a prison term
of five years for giving a CD about Christianity to a neighbor who
subsequently claimed he had insulted Muhammad. Krimo was also fined
200,000 Algerian dinars ($2,760), according to Algerian news reports.

The prosecutor had reportedly requested the judge sentence him to a
two-year prison sentence and a fine of 50,000 Algerian dinars ($690). The court tried Krimo based solely on the complaint filed by his
neighbor, who accused him of attempting to convert him to Christianity.

 “He gave a CD to a neighbor, and for that he has to spend five years
in prison,” said the president of the Protestant Church of Algeria
(EPA), Mustapha Krim, trying to contain his disbelief. “The hearing went
well, and the lawyer defended well, yet in the end the judge gave him
the maximum punishment.”

 Authorities arrested Krimo on
April 14 and held him in jail for three days. On May 4 he appeared
before the court in Djamel, where the prosecutor requested the two-year
sentence in the absence of the neighbor who had accused him—the only
witness—and any evidence.

 The punishment the
prosecutor requested is the minimum for Algerians found guilty of
insulting Muhammad or “the messengers of God,” or anyone who “denigrates
the dogma or precepts of Islam, be it via writings, drawings,
statements or any other means,” according to Article 144 of the Algerian
Penal Code.

 Krim said that if the courts start
interpreting the law as it did in Krimo’s case, then the future of
Algeria’s Christians is grim.

 “If they start applying
the law like that, it means there is no respect for Christianity,” Krim
said, “and pretty soon all the Christians of Algeria will find
themselves in prison. If the simple fact of giving a CD to your neighbor
costs five years in prison, this is catastrophic.”

 Defense lawyer Mohamed Ben Belkacem told Compass that the judge’s
verdict was unexpected and heavy, indicating the legal system’s
prejudice against Christians.

 “We did not expect this
verdict at all,” Ben Belkacem said. “It was a heavy sentence. The judge
punished the ‘Christian,’ not the ‘accused.’ There was no proof, and
despite that, the court granted him no extenuating circumstances.”

 The lawyer said he plans to appeal the case. Krimo is not required to
serve his prison sentence until the court hears his appeal and upholds
the conviction.

 “My client denied having insulted the
prophet, and there is no material proof that supports this accusation,”
Ben Belkacem told Compass before the May 25 hearing, “but these types
of cases are full of unexpected, last-minute developments, so it is
difficult for me to envision the outcome.”

 At the
time of his arrest, authorities detained another Christian convert along
with Krimo but released him the same day. Authorities first took Krimo
to his house, which they ransacked—confiscating his Bible, CDs, computer
and flash discs, according to sources. His wife was able to retrieve
the items the next day.

 Krimo had “good contact” with
his neighbors and sometimes answered questions about Christianity,
according to sources. Krimo and his wife have a baby daughter.

 The court delivered its verdict the same week that the governor of the
province of Bejaia ordered the closing of seven Protestant churches.

 Asked if he thought the court had instructions from higher officials
to hand down such heavy punishment to Krimo, Krim responded with no
hesitation: “It’s certain!”

 Churches Still Meet in Bejaia
Over the weekend authorities did not interfere with the
scheduled worship meetings in the district of Bejaia, despite the
governor’s order for all the churches of the area to close and threats
that police could use force.

 “The services proceeded
normally, with no police intervention,” said Krim. “So we are continuing
and waiting to see if they decide to act otherwise.”

 On May 22 the governor of Bejaia sent a statement to Krim informing him
that all churches in the province were illegal because they were
unregistered. Registration is required under controversial Ordinance
06-03, but Christians report the government refuses to respond to or
grant their applications for registration.

 “I know
about the closure of all the Christian gatherings of the EPA in Bejaia,”
Ben Belkacem said. “It’s an illegal and arbitrary decision on the part
of the governor of Bejaia.”

 According to a report
from Christian support organization Open Doors, on April 23 authorities
sited Ordinace 06-03 to order a pastor in Maakouda, a city near Tizi
Ouzou, to close down his church within 48 hours. When the pastor
refused, authorities called him to the police station, where he
presented documentation of his affiliation with the EPA.

 The police commissioner claimed it was not legal proof of
authorization to operate the church. Compass has learned that the issue
has not been resolved, but that Christians there continue to meet.

 The controversial law was introduced in 2006 to regulate non-Muslim
worship. In 2008 the government applied measures in accordance with
Ordinance 06-03 to limit the activities of non-Muslim groups, ordering
the closure of 26 churches in the Kabylie region because they were not

EPA members argue, however, that the law is
impossible to implement as officials refuse to register their churches
despite efforts to comply. They said the authorities only use the law to
harass churches.

 “It is clear that there is
discrimination,” Ben Belkacem said. “Christians are seen negatively by
the political system of Algeria, and the judiciary is but an instrument
of the system.”

 Despite efforts to comply with the
ordinance, no Protestant churches or groups have received official
approval to operate, and the government has not established
administrative means to implement the ordinance, according to the U.S.
Department of State’s 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom.

 Though no churches have closed since 2008, their status remains questionable and only valid through registration with the EPA.

 “Christians live in a very difficult situation in Algeria,” Ben
Belkacem said. “They are just tolerated for the sake of foreign politics
and in reality have no liberty to worship, since no association is
recognized despite the many efforts taken.”

 There are
more than 99,000 Christians in Algeria, less than 0.3 percent of the
total population of 35.4 million people, according to Operation World.
Muslims make up more than 97 percent of the population.

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